social, play, chewing, exploratory
Dogs have a pack hierarchy. The pack is headed by 2 adults male and female. Alpha male and female, beta and soon. Every individual has a place in the pack. Stability is maintained by submission.
Circling, excessive barking, pacing, self-biting, caprophagy, spinning
Circling, excessive biting, excessive barking, pacing, self-biting, caprophagy, spinning
social, territorial, investigative, allorgrooming, allorubbing
Can be solitary or social depending on the availability of resources. They can live in small groups with a loose dominant, submissive hierarchy.
Circling, excessive aggression, spraying, inappropriate elimination, excessive grooming, excessive chewing
Enrichment items such as scratching posts, platforms, chew toys, and furry toys work best for cats and dogs to exhibit their natural behaviors.
Featured studies related to refinement, enrichment, handling, behavior management, and training techniques.